A massive and ongoing oil spill in the ocean of the gulf of Mexico*. One of the largest Oil spills in History.
Still in process! The oil is still leaking! The spill started on the 20th April with a big explosion on the "Deepwater Horizon" Oil Rig* that was busy driling a underwater Oil well in the Gulf of Mexico.
The oil companies use massive structures which are based offshore deep in sea called Oil Platforms or Oil Riggs. these structures are used to drill oil from the bottom of the sea. An explosion on the Rig caused a leek from the oil drilling into the sea around.
The spill started in the Gulf of Mexico, some 65 Km of the shores of Louisiana USA. The Oil is continuing to flow and is currently moving with the currents east towards the shores of western Florida.
Due to the worm water Current known as the Gulf Stream which originates in the Gulf of Mexico and the unique geographical structure of a closed Basin, the Gulf of Mexico is home to many marine species, Corals, fish and mammals.
The BP* Oil and Gas company was the owner of the Oil Rig which started the leek and took full responsibility for the leek.
BP, The British owned oil company, are head of the efforts to stop the leek and are helped by the US military, the US coastal guard and many organizations and state offices in the US.
The spill is still ongoing! the leak flows at a estimated rate of between 790,000 liter oil per day to a shocking number of 4 million liters oil per day.
The area of the spill is as big as 10,000 Km and growing. To understand how big take a look at http://www.ifitwasmyhome.com/
What ist the ecological damge?
The damage is huge, the spill is considered as one of the biggest ecological disasters in history. The oil leek effects the animals who can not live with this contanmation. Up to the 10th June were found a shocking number of 1131 dead birds, 331 dead sea turtles and 31 dead Dolphins. Dolphins and sea turtles are very sensive to oil. the oil, which floats on the water, prevents them to go up to breath correctly. The presence of the oil in the sea will effect the amount of oxygen in the water and it would possibly take the Ecosystem years and maybe even decades before the eco system can recover..
Who will be effectid?
Beside the Ecosystem that will be terribly damaged by the leak, also the Tourism and Fishing industries will be severely effected. The estimated costs of damages for the Fishing industry is 2.5 Billion USD and 3 Billion USD for the Tourism industry due to cancellation and Beaches that could not be used. These two industries are a main employer for the people around the Gulf of Mexico who earn their living thanks to the rich marine life of the Gulfs seas.
What is done to Stop it?
BP and many originations are trying to stop and control the spill, along side with many efforts to clean the sea up and maintain the oil to reach nature reserves.
So far all of BP´s efforts to seal the leak have failed. The cleaning up operation is in process.
What can I do??
Learn more (coming up the oil spill A-Z), Talk to people help and spread the word,
and well lets think together what can we do...
* more info comeing up...The Gulf of Mexico Oli Spill A-Z for the advanced nature activist